20 Jan

മത്സരത്തിലെ ഇംഗ്ലീഷ്

English Structure – 3

13. The more ………… the more
• This pattern is also called the Double Comparative
• In this structure, there are Two clauses. They are separated by a comma.
• Two changes that happen together are expressed by this construction.
• Here, a comparative is preceded by the. It is strange. Generally, the comes before a superlative.
• The more = The + a comparative.
eg: The stronger
The bigger
The less
[ little – less – least ]
The worse
[ bad – worse – worst ]
The more
much – more – most
many – more – most
The more expensive
The more beautiful
The less beautiful
The less expensive
Examples :
1. The higher the patient’s temperature went, …….
(the doctors were worried)
Ans: The higher the patient’s temperature went, the more worried the doctors
were.
The higher + S + V,
S – the patient’s temperature
V – went
The more worried + S + V
S – the doctors
V – were
2. The longer they cooked the meat, ………… (it became hard)
Ans: The longer they cooked the meat, the harder it became.

The longer + S + V + O,
S – they
V – cooked
O – the meat
The harder + S + V
S – it
V – became
3. The more they got, ………………… ( they wanted more )
Ans: The more they got, the more they wanted.
The more + S + V,
S – they
V – got
The more S + V
S – they
V – wanted
4. The rougher the road is, ……………..(the journey will be uncomfortable)
Ans: The rougher the road is, the more uncomfortable the journey will be
The rougher + S + V
S – the road
V – is
The more uncomfortable + S + V
S – the journey
V – will be
5. The quicker we walk, (we will reach the place earlier)
Ans: The quicker we walk, the earlier we will reach the place.
The quicker + S + V,
S – we
V – walk
The earlier + S + V + A
S – we
V – will reach
A (Adjunct) – the place
6. The more he ate, ………. ( he grew fat)
The more he ate, the fatter he grew
7. ………………, the longer the money will last.
( You spend carefully )
The more carefully you spend, the longer the money will last.
8. ……………., the more free time you will get.
( You finish early )
The earlier you finish, the more free time you will get.
9. ……………., the more confused the witness was
( the lawyer asked more questions )
The more questions the lawyer asked, the more confused the witness was.
10. ………………., the more of it will be seen ( the ice-berg is bigger )
The bigger the ice – berg is, the more of it will be seen.
(d) Examples – Set 2
Read and memorise :
1. The faster you run, the earlier you reach home.
2. The hotter the weather gets, the drier the earth becomes
3. The sooner you type these letters, the better I shall be pleased
4. The more neatly you write, the easier your writing is to read.
5. The more wages you give them, the more they ask for.
6. The sooner you see the doctor, the better.
7. The older the people get, the more easily they are irritated.
8. The harder he worked, the leaner he became.
9. The more he drank, the more violent he became.
10. The more he earned, the more he squandered.
Rewrite the following sentences using the more…….. the more construction
1. Go fast. It will be good for you.
2. If you work hard, you can earn more money.
3. As he got old, he became happy.
4. As they climbed higher, they felt more tired.
5. As he went farther, he had to face more dangers.
6. Walk slowly. It will be good for your health.
7. Eat less, become lean.
8. He ate more and more. He became fatter.
9. As the flower becomes beautiful, it attracts a lot of people.
10. If it becomes small, it will rise higher.
Answers :
1. The faster you go, the better it will be for you.
2. The harder you work, the more money you can earn.
3. The older he got, the happier he became
4. The higher they climed, the more tired they felt.
5. The farther he went, the more dangers he had to face.
6. The more slowly you walk, the better it will be for your health.
7. The less you eat, the leaner you become.
8. The more he ate, the fatter he became
9. The more beautiful the flower, the more people it attracts.
10. The smaller it is, the higher it rises.

14. Whenever
 Whenever is a conjunction
 Whenever means at anytime when (Ft¸m-gm-bm-epw)
Example :
A. My uncle comes home often. Everytime he visits us, he brings gifts.
Whenever my uncle comes home, he brings gifts.
B. She solves problems quickly. But she always makes mistakes.
Whenever she solves problems quickly, she makes mistakes.
C. You can come to my house at any time you like.
You can come to my house whenever you like.
D. I go to library when I am free.
I go to library whenever I am free.
Combine the following sentences using whenever
1. He is a cricket enthusiast. When he gets a free time he plays.
2. The opposition leader is very critical. He would criticize the Chief Minister when occasion comes.
3. Her husband rarely comes home. But when he comes he quarrels with his wife.
4. I will always be at my office. You can meet me at anytime you like.
5. I see him quite often. He is always drunk.
6. The old lady often goes to the nearby orphanage. She gives some money.
7. He is a French Teacher. He speaks French when he gets a chance.
8. I do not go to my native place quite often. But when I go there. I put up there for a week.
9. The leader does not speak quite often. But when he does so, he commits mistakes.
10. I often see him at the bus stop. I will give him your message.
Answers :
1. Whenever he gets free time, he plays cricket
2. The opposition leader would criticize the Chief Minister whenever occasion comes.
3. Her husband quarrels with her whenever he comes home.
4. Meet me at my office whenever you like.
5. Whenever I see him, he is drunk.
6. Whenever the old lady goes to the nearby orphanage, she gives some
money.
7. He speaks French whenever he gets a chance.
8. Whenever I go to my native place, I put up there for a week
9. Whenever the leader speaks, he commits mistake.
10. Whenever I see him, I will give him your message.

15. Whatever
 Whatever is a conjunction
 Whatever means not matter what (F´p-X-s¶-bm-bm-epw)
 Whatever may be used at the beginning of a subordinate clause.
 Whatever is different from what ever
Read the following examples.
A) I’ll buy that car, no matter what it costs (ie: I will buy in any case)
I’ll buy that car, whatever the cost.
B) It doesn’t matter what you do. I am always with you.
Whatever you do, I’m always with you.
C) Keep calm. We have to face anything
Keep calm, whatever happens.
Combine the following sentences using whatever
1. He is a philanthrophist. He gives anything the poor want.
2. Tell me anything. I won’t be angry.
3. You are free. Choose anything you like.
4. Ravi agrees with me. He agrees to anything that I say.
5. They were hungry. They ate anything we gave them.
6. He is a naughty boy. He spoils anything we give him.\
7. A variety of shops are here. Buy anything you prefer.
8. Keep calm. Anything may happen.
9. Don’t try to oppose. Let him say as he pleases.
10. Don’t be shy. You can eat anything you like.
Answers :
1. He is a philanthrophist. He gives whatever the poor want.
2. I won’t be angry whatever you tell me.
3. You are free to choose whatever you like
4. Ravi agrees to whatever I say.
5. They ate whatever we gave them
6. He spoils whatever we give him
7. Buy whatever you prefer
8. Whatever happens, keep calm
9. Whatever he says, don’t try to oppose
10. You can eat whatever you like.

16. Whoever
 Whoever is a conjunction
 Whoever means no matter who (B-cm-bm-epw)
 Whoever is different from who ever
 Who ever expresses surprise or difficulty in believing something
Please read the following examples
A) I’m not opening the door, whoever you are.
B) Whoever enquires, tell them I’m out
C) Whoever comes late, will not be admitted
Combine the following sentences using whoever
1. You can select anybody. But he must be studious.
2. Try to score high marks. You will win a prize
3. I am going to distribute my wealth to anyone. But he must keep it properly.
4. You may marry anyone. But make sure he can support you
5. Practise regularly. Anybody can become a good athlete.
6. I will give my cinema ticket to anyone. But he must want it.
7. I am not opening the door. I don’t care who is knocking
8. I don’t want to see him. I don’t bother to know who it is
9. This business will do well. It doesn’t matter who runs it
10. You should not leave the class without my permission. Anyone who wants to leave must get my permission.
Answers :
1. Whoever you select, must be studious
2. Whoever scores the highest marks, will win a prize
3. Whoever gets my wealth, must keep it properly
4. Whoever you marry, make sure he can support you.
5. Whoever practices regularly, can become a good athlete
6. I will give my cinema ticket to, whoever wants it
7. Whoever is knocking ; I am not opening the door.
8. Whoever it is, I don’t want to see him
9. Whoever runs this business, it will be done well.
10. Whoever wants to leave the class, must get my permission.

17. However
 However is a conjunction
 However means no matter how (F-§-s\-bm-bm-epw)
Please read the following examples
A) He eats a lot. But he never gets fat.
However much he eats, he never gets fat.
B) People always want more, even if they are rich
People always want more, however rich they are
Combine the following pairs a sentences using ‘however’
1. People are rich. But still they want more
2. The wealth of the country increased tremendously yet there is poverty
3. The minister is very clever. He solves complex problems easily
4. He drives very fast. But I always feel safe with him
5. You may travel anyway you like. But it will take you at least two days
6. You may work day and night. Still you cannot earn much
7. They shook him well. Even then he did not awake.
8. They pumped a lot of water from the ditch. Still they could not drain it.
9. The child cried so loudly. Still its mother did not take it.
10. The Rajadhani Express goes fast. But the passengers always feel safe with the journey.
Answers :
1. However rich people are, they always want more
2. However much the country’s wealth increased, there is poverty
3. However complex the problems are, the minister solves them easily
4. However fast he drives, I feel safe with him
5. It will take at least two days, however you travel
6. However much you work, you can not earn much
7. However much they shook him, he did not awake
8. However much they pumped, they could not drain the ditch
9. However loudly the child cried, its mother did not take it
10. People feel safe with the journey, however fast the Rajadhani Express goes.
18. Wherever
 Wherever is a conjunction
 Wherever means no matter where (F-hn-sS-bm-bm-epw)
Read the following sentences
A) We went to several places. We visited religious centres.
Wherever we went, we visited religious centres
B) His dog follows him everywhere
Wherever he goes, his dog follows him
C) Now you are free, you may go where you like
You may go wherever you like
Combine the following sentences using wherever
1. Hari has a dog. It follows him every where
2. We visited several places. We saw beggars every where
3. You can go anywhere. Everywhere you will find mosquitoes
4. He worked in several places ; Every where he made friends
5. You go anywhere in India. Everywhere you can find a Malayali.
6. The Pop singer went round the world. Every where he was warmly greeted
7. The cricket team played well. So every where they came out successful.
8. The storm hit everywhere. It sowed distruction in all places
9. The minister visited all those places. Everywhere he saw only misery.
10. The leader went to many places to collect funds for the victims. Every where the people contributed liberally.
Answers :
1. Wherever Hari goes ; the dog follows him
2. Wherever we visited, we saw beggars
3. You will find mosquitoes wherever you go.
4. Wherever he worked, he made friends
5. Wherever you go in India, you can find a Malayali
6. Wherever the pop singer went, he was warmly greeted
7. Wherever the cricket team played, they came out successful
8. The storm sowed destruction wherever it hit
9. Wherever the minister visited, he saw only misery
10. Wherever the leader went to collect funds for the victims, the people contributed liberally.
19. As if / As Though
 As if is a compound subordinating conjunction
 As if + past tense express a present meaning. It also says that as if means like. The meaning opposite to the given fact is real.
Eg: 1. John roared as if he were a lion
= John roared. One might think that a lion was roaring
(instead of was, were is used because it is an unreal comparison)
2. He ate as if he had been starving for many days
( = He was not sarving )
 As if + present tense express a doubtful fact.
Eg: He behaves as if he is drunk
Combine the following sentences using as if
1. It is raining heavily. One might think, it will never stop
2. The girl was crying bitterly. One might think that her mother had beaten her.
3. The man walked with unsteady steps. One might think he was drunk
4. The child cried. One might think somebody had pinched him
5. He speaks on every subject. One might think ; he knows everything about it
6. She appeared on the scene. One might think, she was a film actress
7. She ran very quickly. One might think she had wings on her feet
8. He speaks in a disconnected ways. One might think he is mad
9. She lays still. One might think he was dead
10. How did the children hop ? (like a frog)
Answers :
1. It is raining heavily as if it would never stop.
2. The girl was crying bitterly as if her mother had beaten her
3. The man walked with unsteady steps as if he were drunk
4. The child cried as if somebody had pinched him
5. He speaks on every subject as if he knows everything about it
6. She appeared the scene as if she was a film actress ( instead of were, was is also used)
7. She ran very quickly as if she had wings on her feet.
8. He speaks in a disconnected way as if he is mad
9. She lays still as if she were dead
10. The children hopped as if they were frogs.

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