Degrees of comparison
(Comparison of Adjectives)
(2021 മാര്ച്ച് ലക്കം)
The degrees of comparison are three in number
Eg: big, strong, small, and beautiful
Eg: 1) The blue ribbon is long.
Eg: 1 The Blue ribbon is longer than the yellow one.
2 The Red rose is more beautiful than the white rose.
Eg: 1. Hari is the smallest boy in the class.
3.Ravi is the best student of all the boys in his class.
4.Ravi is one of the best students in his class.
5.This is the oldest tree in the garden.
Eg: 1. Rex is as tall as Tom.
i.e. 1) Rex and Tom are equal in height
2) I and he are equal in strength.
3) Apples and oranges are equally cheap.
When the quality of two persons of things is not of the same degree, the sentences becomes negative. Then we use not + so…. as
Eg: 1. Rex is not so tall as Tom.
5.Boys are not so intelligent as girls.
Note: First type examples cannot be changed to comparative degree.
Second Type can be changed to comparative degree.
The following sentences are the equivalent comparative of the second type.
Note :1st type examples can not be changed the comparative degree .
2nd type can be changed to comparative degree . The following sentences are the equivalent comparative of the 2nd type.
Comparative with ‘the’
Comparative without ‘ than’
Eg: 1. which is the larger of the two horses?
Note: In the above examples, the adjective is not followed by then. Generally superlative form is preceded by ‘ the’. Here, comparative form /is preceded by the.
Comparative without ‘the’ and ‘ than’
No Superlative form. (Only positive and comparative forms)
Comparative: His brother is more generous than he (is)
Comparative: The pen is mightier than the sword.
Comparative: Iron is more useful than gold.
4.It is not so easy to practise as to preach.
i.e. To preach is easier.
Comparative: It is easier to preach than to practise.
5.You do not know him so well as I do.
i.e. I know him better.
Comparative: I know him better than you do.
comparative :The secretary is more intelligent than the president.
7.It is not so good to beg as to starve
i.e.: To starve is better
Comparative: It is better to starve than beg.
i.e. A wise enemy is better.
Comparative: A wise enemy is better than a foolish friend.
i.e. Practice is more important.
Comparative: Practise is more important than precept.
I.e. . Your computer is costlier comparative: YourComputer is costlier than mine.
Superlative (The only one)
Positive: Nothing else travels so fast as light.
Comparative: Light travels faster than anything else.
Positive:No other hotel is as popular as Paris in your town.
Comparative:Paris is more popular than any other hotel in our town.
Positive: No other boy in the class is so clever as Henry.
Comparative: Henry is cleverer than all the other boys in the class.
Super (only one)
4.Abdullah is the strongest man in their team.
Positive : No one else is so strong as Abdullah.
Comparative :Abdallah is stronger than any one in their team..
5.The elephant is the most useful of all animals.
Positive : No other animal is so useful as the elephant.
Comparative : The elephant is most useful than all other animals.
6.This is the most crowded part of our city.
Positive : No other part of our city is so crowded as this.
Comparative : This part of the city is more crowded than any other part.
7.Karayathil Narayana was the most eloquent speaker in Malabar.
Positive : No other speaker in Malabar was so eloquent as Karayathil Narayanan.
Comparative : Karayathil Narayanan was moreeloquent than any other speaker in Malabar.
8.The peacock is the most beautiful bird.
Positive: No other bird is so beautiful as peacock.
Comparative : Peacock is more beautiful than any other bird.
9.Everest is the highest peak in the world.
Positive: No other peak in the world is so high as Everest.
Comparative.: Everest is higher than any otherPeak in the world. This medicine is the most effective one.
Positive : No other medicine is so effective asthis medicine.
Comparative : This medicine is more effectivethan any other medicine.
Superlative (One among a few)
Rajiv Gandhi was one of the greatest Prime Ministers of India.
Note : One among so to make the same quality
Positive degree start with very few.
Note: To make comparative degree:
greater than + most other Prime Ministers
Note. One among the same degree.
Positive : Very few metals are as useful as iron.
Comparative : Iron is more useful than most other metals..
Superlative ( One among many)
3.Kerala is one of the most thickly populated states in India.
Positive : Very few states in India are as thickly populated as Kerala
Comparative : Kerala is more thickly populated than most other states in India.
4.Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the oldest civilisations in the world.
Positive : Very few civilisations in the world areas old as the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Comparative : The Indus Valley Civilisation is older than most other civilisations.
5.Delhi is one of the hottest places in summer.
Comparative : Delhi is hotter / in summer than most other places.
Positive : Very few places in summer / are so that as Delhi.
Super (only one)
Comparative is Japan is more technically advanced than any other country.
Positive is very few countries in the world are sotechnically advanced as Japan.
Comparative is The U.S.A is stronger than most other countries in these world.
Positive is very few countries in the world are so strong as the U S A
Comparative: Chennai is bigger than most other Indian cities.
Positive : very few Indian cities are so big as Chennai
Much – More-Most
Eg: I knew much
I knew more than the others
I knew the most of all
Old -Older –Oldest (used with persons, personals and things)
Old elder eldest (used with persons only)
[Elder and eldest are used with nearest relations like father, sister, brotheretc.]
1.He is my elder brother.
2.She is my elder sister.
3.He is the eldest person in my family.
older is followed by than elder is not followed by than
Formation of comparisons
Positive comparatives superlative
Small smaller smallest
Short shortest shortest
Wet wetter wettest
Dry drier driest
Happy happier happiest
Noble nobler noblest
Deep deeper deepest
Old older oldest
Old elder eldest
Fat fatter fattest
Thin thinner thinnest
Little less least
Much more most
Many more most
Up upper uppermost
Out outer outermost
Out outer outmost
Far farther farthest
Far further furthest
Useful more useful most useful
Expensive more expensive most expensive
Beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
Famous more famous most famous
Industrious more industrious most industrious
Useful less useful least useful
Beautiful less beautiful least beautiful
Bad worse worst
Ill worse worst
Will worse worst
Good better best
Well better best
Late later latest
Fore former foremost
Prior all are followed by to instead of than
The following adjectives do not admit of comparative or superlatives forms .
1) Rithwik is __________ of my two brothers.
a)clever c) cleverer
b)the cleverer d) the clever Ans:(b)
2) Radhika is the ____ girl in the class.
Note: ‘class ‘as a whole is considered. so superlative degree.
3) Delhi is one of the biggest cities in India means _______
Notes: Many biggest cities. Delhi is one among them
4) He is the ___ of the three brothers.
b)more rich d)richer Ans: (a)
Notes: of the two — richer
Of the three —- richest
5)Ram is ____ than any other boy in the class.
b)brighter d) None of these Ans: (b)
Note: before than any other— comparative
b)latest d)latter Ans: (c )
Notes : Opposite of former is latter.
Of the two(a) / Pens , the red (b)/ one is (c)/ the best (d) Ans: (d)
Note : of the two ,comes comparative of the two pens, the red one is better (correct)
9) Monkeys are ____learners than elephants.
10.This examinations is ____ than the other examinations
Notes :The answer should be a comparative —–more difficult.
11.Ajith is ___ than strong
b)more wise d)most wiser Ans ( b)
Notes : Ajith ‘s two qualities strong and wise . when compare the two qualities of the same person is compared , or is note used more+ position should be used
a) little c) few
b) a little d) a few Ans: (a)
Notes: it is empty shows that there is no money at all. “A little “ = some ,” little “= no money ,
13.It has been the ____ day in Delhi for 25 years .
a) hot b) much hot, c)hotter d)hottest Ans : (d )
14.Dev is ____ than Ravi
a) old c)elder
b) more old d)older Ans: (d)
Notes: Two persons Dev and Ravi. So comparative older is correct . Elder is not used before than
a) worse c)worser
b) worst d)bad Ans: (b)
Notes: bad —- worse—worst
a) sweet c)sweeter
b) more sweet d)most sweet Ans: (C)
17.Light travels __ than sound.
a)fast c) fastest
b)faster d)more fast Ans : (b )
18.The temple is ____ down the lane.
a) farther c) a little
b) little b)farthest Ans: (a)
far —– farther —–farthest
far —– further —–furthest
19.Have you heard the ___ news?
a) late c)latest
d)later d)lated Ans: (c)
20.superlative form of ‘little’
a) littlest c) most little
b) least d)littiliest Ans : (b)
little – less – least
little – lesser- least
a) eldest c)older
b)elder d)oldest Ans: (a)